Accounting or accountancy is basically the act of keeping track of all the financial transactions of an organization. All organizations must fast-track their operations to be certain of their performance. There are two types of accounting namely; financial accounting and cost accounting. Financial accounting mainly deals with projecting the financial status of the organization to its shareholders and creditors outside the business premises. This is a common
phenomenon with big businesses. On the other hand, cost accounting is all about keeping a record of the day to day operations of the organization. This is done by all businesses, whether small or big.
This form of accounting is mainly concerned with performing certain actions that will lead to the realization of profits. A cost accountant is the one concerned with noting the expenses of the company in the cost accounting notes and also making realistic recommendations and comments on the company’s performance to the management. This accountant should exhibit honesty, integrity, and commitment to his duties for the success and accuracy of the accounting process.
If it is a big company with numerous shareholders and creditors, there is need to display the company’s financial conditions on a regular basis. In the financial accounting list, there should always be a detailed record of the company’s costs. The expenses for every financial period are taken from the accounting notes.
At the end of every financial year, there is always an auditing process to determine the accuracy of all the company’s accounting and financial details. Usually, an auditor is outsourced to carry out the process with transparency and an unbiased approach. In the auditing notes, the auditor confirms the costs of manufacturing or production of the items that the business deals in. The costs of raw materials, labor, and other related materials are all verified to determine the accuracy of the cost accountant.
All the accounting information gathered is always used for the planning and smooth management of the organization. Operations managers are usually the recipients of the complete and verified accounting details in order to assist them in making critical decisions pertaining to the organization’s future. From the management accounting notes, the manager gets to understand the current performance of the company, whether there were losses incurred or profits gained. In the case of financial losses, the manager is then tasked with finding long-lasting solutions to such. It may mean adjusting the expenditures of the company to realize a better outcome. But if profits are realized, the manager must come up with sustainable strategies that will maintain or improve the profits while minimizing costs.
Accounting is therefore very crucial for every business in order to realize financial goals and objectives. Through accountancy, the management is capable of monitoring its expenses and profits and improve where necessary. Every transaction needs to account for and any loss or profit recorded to determine the direction of the business. If the costs are more than the income, there is no need to waste more time with the business.